Last reviewed on 16th August 2021
Building a home from start to finish is a dream for many, but what’s the best way to fund a self-build project? It’s likely you’ll need a self-build mortgage to finance the project, as a regular mortgage simply won’t be suitable.
The method you choose to build your home is entirely your choice. You’ll need skilled professionals such as architects and tradesmen such as gas engineers and electricians.
You may hire a building company to handle the entire project for you. Whatever choices you make, a self-build mortgage can help to fund your dream home.
A mortgage for a self-build is a niche type of finance, so there aren’t as many lenders offering them. This is especially true when compared to regular mortgages.
Our advisors specialise in self-build mortgages and can guide you through the process from start to finish.
What is a self-build mortgage?
A self-build mortgage is a loan used to fund the cost of building your home and is different from a regular mortgage as the property is yet to be built. As a result, lenders release funds in stages.
Key features include:
- Only to be used with building your own home
- Can include the purchase of the land (must have planning permission)
- Funds are released in stages
- 70% loan to value minimum
Mortgage funds are released in stages because lenders want to reduce the risk attached to the loan. Lenders are able to lend freely on properties that are already built as they have a property to secure a mortgage against.
With a self-build project, there isn’t a tangible asset as of yet. That’s why money is released throughout the build in intervals. This is to ensure the mortgage is used accordingly and as agreed in your application.
A self-build mortgage is not the same as development finance. Although they are similar, development finance is used for projects of a much larger scale.
Development finance is typically used by developers with the aim of generating a profit, either by selling or renting.
Learn more: What is development finance?
Which type of self-build mortgage will I need?
There are two types of self-build mortgages:
It’s important to establish whether your lender will release the capital in advance or arrears so that you can plan accordingly.
Mortgage in arrears
This is where the funds are released after each stage is complete.
A mortgage in arrears can be suitable for those that already have capital to complete each stage of the build. This is the most common type of self-build mortgage available.
Mortgage in advance
This is where the funds are released prior to each stage, which can be very useful if you’re slightly strapped for cash. That said, there aren’t many lenders that offer mortgages in advance for self-builds.
What are the stages of a self-build?
The stages at which funds are released depends on your mortgage lender. Nonetheless, most lenders release funds at the following stages:
- Purchase of land
- Preliminary foundations
- Wall plate level
- Roofed in (wind and watertight)
- Interior walls plastered
A lender will send a surveyor out at each payment stage. This is to verify each stage is satisfactory so that the next phase of the build can begin.
If you already have the capital for the build itself, but require a mortgage to fund the purchase of land alone, then it is possible to get a land mortgage.
Self-build mortgage rates
Mortgage rates will tend to start at around 4%. Interest rates can go up to 7% as an overall maximum, although it is rare.
The loan to value for self-build mortgages typically starts at 70%, although some lenders may offer 75% of the overall build cost.
Rates tend to be higher than traditional mortgages simply because of the risk involved. There’s far less risk involved with mortgages for existing properties. This is because there’s little room for error as the property is already built.
There are also other costs to consider when building your own home such as:
- Planning permission
- Building regulations
- Contractor/builders costs
- Snagging issues
- Legal fees
- Architect fees
- Broker fees
Will I need to pay stamp duty?
One of the main advantages of using a self-build mortgage is that you will save money on stamp duty fees.
If the land itself is purchased over £125,000 then you will have to pay stamp duty on the land itself. Nonetheless, you won’t be liable to pay any stamp duty on the actual build or the overall property value once completed.
Self-build mortgage specialists
Building your own property certainly isn’t an easy task. With so much to plan and organise, finding the best deal to finance your self-build can slow you down.
Our advisors have access to specialist lenders and can prepare your application to increase your chances of being approved.